Phoenix was home to a lot of citrus groves, you can still find some around the valley although many have been paved over with subdivisions and commercial properties. Citrus trees are awesome to grow here and they like the heat.
Citrus trees that are common in Phoenix include Oranges, Lemons, Limes, Grapefruit, Kumquat, Tangerines, and Tangelos. Most citrus trees will ripen between November and January depending on the variety. Limes will ripen in June and Eureka Lemons produce fruit throughout the year.
Keep in mind that citrus trees do not produce fruit until they are 2-4 years old. Our yard is home to two orange trees a Navel and Arizona Orange, a Rio Red Grapefruit and a Eureka lemon tree. The Eureka lemon tree has surpassed all in growth. It is the fastest of the other three trees and produced fruit the first season, quickly flowering again after all the fruit was picked.
Citrus trees need to be fertilized several times a year. They should get a good nitrogen fertilizer sometime around Feburary, then again in May and again in the fall.
They are a wonderful addition to your yard. Citrus does well in the heat, provides shade, wonderfully scented blossoms (the smell of Spring) and tons of fruit in your backyard.
There are many other fruit trees to choose from here in the low desert. Besides Citrus trees you can choose to plant several different apple trees, apricots, plums, peaches, guava, and pomegranite to name a few.
We planted a 2 foot box Florida Prince Peach tree and at the end of April it is now starting to fruit.