"The world is a rose; smell it and pass it to your friends."
- Persian Proverb
Roses are timeless flowers and thankfully they grow very well in Arizona. In fact, Tombstone, Arizona is home to the oldest Lady Banks Rose. Hundreds of thousands of commerical grown roses come from Arizona, California and Texas every year. Tyler, Texas hosts an annual Texas Rose Festival to celebrate their favorite flower.
Roses are a little more work than other plants, but well worth the effort for the gorgeous blooms. They are susceptible to several diseases, such as rust , black spot, and powdery mildew. The aphid is the dreaded pest to find on your roses. For organic gardening encourage ladybugs to take residence in your rose garden.
Here are photos of Roses in our garden:
Peace | Chicago Peace| Christian Dior| Perfume Delight | John F Kennedy | Queen Elizabeth | Mr Lincoln | Angel Face | Roseberry Blanket | Lowell Thomas | Arizona| Memorial Day | Bella Roma | Aromatherpay
A few tips that I have learned over the years includes:
1. Planting garlic alongside your rose garden is a natural pest deterant.
2. When watering your roses try to water in the morning, so the excess water can evaporates when the sun comes out. Watering at night encourages fungal growth on rose bushes.
3. Fertilize-roses are greedy and they need good fertilization once a month during the growing season. Cut your fetilization down by half during the hot summer months. Liquid seaweed is a great organic fertilizer.
4. Not all roses are scented, so be sure to check tags or do research on the roses you purchase so that you are not disappointed.
Most roses have five petals.There are several classes of roses to choose from: Hybrid Tea Roses, Floribundas, Grandifloras, climbing roses, miniature,shrubs or landscape roses
Hybrid Tea Roses produce the long stem roses most people purchase at a florist. They produce one bloom per stem and are very good repeat bloomers.
Floribunda means "many flowering". They are often smaller and bushier than Hybrid tea roses with small clusters of three to five flowers.
Grandiflora means "large flowered" and is a cross between the Hybrid Tea rose and the Floribundas. They are usually larger than both hybrid teas or floribundas, and feature hybrid tea-style flowers in small clusters of three to five, similar to a floribunda.
Polyanthas means "many-flowered" roses. They are low-growing, bushy plants, averaging 18 to 24 inches in height. With small leaves and dense clusters of small flowers on short stems, the blooms may be single, semi-double, or double.
Miniatures are repeat-flowering shrubs ranging from 12"–24" in height and are often sold as house plants. Most varieites require cold dormancy to survive.
Once a bloom is spent you should deadhead the plant so the bush can divert it's energy to produce new growth and a new rose. If you prune each cane a different height it adds visual intrest to your garden.
One of the great things about growing roses in Phoenix is that they bloom continuously on any new canes produced almost year round. By January most roses have ceased blooming, this is the time to start pruning. The rule of thumb is to remove one-third to one-half of the growth. You will see new growth in a short period of time.